Augsburg Fortress

Martin Luther's Theology: Its Historical and Systematic Development

Martin Luther's Theology: Its Historical and Systematic Development

This definitive analysis of the theology of Martin Luther surveys its development during the crises of Luther's life, then offers a systematic survey by topics. Containing a wealth of quotations from less-known writings by Luther and written in a way that will interest both scholar and novice, Lohse's magisterial volume is the first to evaluate Luther's theology in both ways. Lohse's historical analysis takes up Luther's early exegetical works and then his debates with traditions important to him in the context of the various controversies leading up to his dispute with the Antinomians. The systematic treatment shows how the meaning of ancient Christian doctrines took their place within the central teaching of justification by faith.
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  • Nook - Google
  • Publisher Fortress Press
  • ISBN 9780800698362
  • Format Paperback
  • Dimensions 6 x 9
  • Pages 412
  • Publication Date March 1, 2011


"Lohse was without doubt the leading Luther scholar. He was better able to deal with both the historical and the systematic better than anyone I know."
— Mark U. Edwards Jr., St. Olaf College

Table of Contents

Translator-Editor's Note

Part One: Introduction: Preliminary Considerations and Presuppositions Relative to a Description of Luther's Theology

1. Criteria for Describing Luther's Theology
2. The Situation in the Church around 1500
3. The Theological Situation around 1500, Especially in Erfurt and Wittenberg
4. Luther's Personal Development
5. The Uniqueness of Luther's Theology

Part Two: Luther's Theology in Its Historical Development

6. Basic Theological Ideas in Luther's Marginal Notes on Augustine and Peter Lombard (1509/1510)
7. Early Reformation Theology in the First Psalms Lecture (1513-1515)
8. The Structure of Reformation Theology in the Period of Pauline Exegesis (1515-1518)
9. The Reformation Discovery
10. Luther's Attack on Indulgences (1517/1518)
11. Luther's Dispute with Cajetan over Justification, Faith, and Church Authority
12. Luther's Debate with Eck on the Authority of Pope and Council (1519)
13. Luther's Dispute with the Sacramental Teaching of His Time (1519/1520)
14. Luther's Dispute with the Monastic Ideal (520/1521)
15. Luther's Dispute with the Wittenberg Reformers
16. Luther's Dispute with Radical Tendencies to "Right" and "Left": The Distinction between the Two Kingdoms and the Two Governments
17. Luther's Dispute with Erasmus
18. Luther's Dispute with Zwingli: The Lord's Supper Controversy
19. Luther's Dispute with the Antinomians

Part Three: Luther's Theology in Its Systematic Context

20. Sola scriptura
21. Reason and Faith
22. The View of God
23. Christology
24. Spiritus Creator
25. Humanity as Creature of God
26. Sin
27. Justification
28. Law and Gospel
29. The Church
30. Office and Ordination
31. Baptism
32. The Lord's Supper
33. The Doctrine of the Two Kingdoms
34. Eschatology
35. Excursus: Luther's Attitude toward the Jews

Index of Names
Index of Subjects